Expressive Writing and the Psychology of Creative Writing


Baikie, Karen A., and Kay Wilhelm. “Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing.” Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 11, no. 5 (2005): 338-346.

Burton, Chad M., and Laura A. King. “The health benefits of writing about intensely positive experiences.” Journal of Research in Personality 38, no. 2 (2004): 150-163.

Frattaroli, Joanne. “Experimental disclosure and its moderators: a meta-analysis.” Psychological Bulletin 132, no. 6 (2006): 823-865.

Nicholls, Sophie. “Beyond expressive writing: evolving models of developmental creative writing.” Journal of Health Psychology 14, no. 2 (2009): 171-180.

Pennebaker, James W. “Writing about emotional experiences as a therapeutic process.” Psychological Science 8, no. 3 (1997): 162-166.

Pennebaker, James W., and Sandra K. Beall. “Confronting a traumatic event: toward an understanding of inhibition and disease.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 95, no. 3 (1986): 274-281.

Slatcher, Richard B., and James W. Pennebaker. “How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Words The Social Effects of Expressive Writing.” Psychological Science 17, no. 8 (2006): 660-664.

Smyth, Joshua M., and James W. Pennebaker. “Exploring the boundary conditions of expressive writing: In search of the right recipe.” British Journal of Health Psychology 13, no. 1 (2008): 1-7.


Kaufman, Scott Barry, and James C. Kaufman, eds. The Psychology of Creative Writing. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Lepore, Stephen J., and Joshua M. Smyth. The Writing Cure: How expressive writing promotes health and emotional well-being. American Psychological Association, 2002.

Pennebaker, James W. Opening Up: The healing power of expressing emotions. Guilford Press, 2012.

Creative Writing in Health, Social Care, Counselling and Psychotherapy


Bolton, Gillie. “‘Every poem breaks a silence that had to be overcome’: The Therapeutic Power of Poetry Writing.” Feminist Review (1999): 118-133.

Wright, Jeannie, and Man Cheung Chung. “Mastery or mystery? Therapeutic writing: A review of the literature.” British Journal of Guidance and Counselling 29, no. 3 (2001): 277-291.


Bolton, Gillie, ed. Writing Cures: An introductory handbook of writing in counselling and psychotherapy. Psychology Press, 2004.

Hunt, Celia. Therapeutic Dimensions of Autobiography in Creative Writing. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2000.

Sampson, Fiona. Creative Writing in Health and Social Care. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2004.

Creative and Reflective Writing in Learning and Personal Development


Bleakley, Alan. “Writing with invisible ink: Narrative, confessionalism and reflective practice.” Reflective Practice 1, no. 1 (2000): 11-24.

Hogan, Christine. “Creative and reflective journal processes.” The Learning Organization, 2, no. 2 (1995): 4-17.

Karpiak, Irene. “Writing our life: Adult learning and teaching through autobiography.” Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education 26, no. 1 (2013): 31-50.

Moffett, James. “Writing, inner speech, and meditation.” College English (1982): 231-246.

Walker, David. “Writing and reflection.” In Reflection: Turning experience into learning edited by David Boud, Rosemary Keogh and David Walker, 52-68. Routledge, 2013.


Bolton, Gillie. Write Yourself: Creative writing and personal development. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2011.

Hunt, C., & Fiona Sampson. Writing: Self and Reflexivity. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Hunt, Celia, and Fiona Sampson, eds. The Self on the Page: Theory and practice of creative writing in personal development. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 1998.

Hunt, Celia. Transformative Learning Through Creative Life Writing: Exploring the Self in the Learning Process. Routledge, 2013.

Research Methods in Creative Writing


Elizabeth, Vivienne. “Another string to our bow: Participant writing as research method.” In Forum: Qualitative Social Research, vol. 9, no. 1. 2008.


Harper, Graeme, and Jeri Kroll. Research Methods in Creative Writing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Harper, Graeme. On Creative Writing. Multilingual Matters, 2010.